# Regular courses

## Advanced Control Theory - 4 credits

This course describes basic concepts and techniques for the analysis and design of a number of advanced model based controllers: amongst others robust controllers (H-infinity), internal model controllers, and feedforward controllers. To limit the complexity of the maths, the course is limited to the simplest class of systems: linear single input single output systems. Moreover, the course does not put the emphasis on maths but on the hands on experience: design, implementation, and critical evaluation of the advanced controllers. Therefore the course also provides practical insight that is very useful to design and implement the controllers.

## Advanced Measurement and Identification - 4 credits

Engineers and scientists build models to understand, describe, predict and control the behaviour of the environment. In order to create these models it is necessary to combine the mathematical models with (noisy) measurements.   In this advanced course, we will explore the consequences of having systems which do not satisfy the basic assumptions made when making frequency response function measurements. That is, we will learn how to deal with nonlinearities and time variations.  Also, an introduction is given to the measurement of very high frequency signals and systems, and to the use of recursive identification techniques. In addition to a sound theoretical basis, we will also provide the students with hand on experiences in the labs...

## Applied Electricity - 7 credits

2 major goals are to be attained:

1. Getting insight in the use of mathematical tools to describe the most important experimental classical laws...
2. Introduction to network analysis and theory...

## Applied Statistics - 3 credits

The theory and exercises deal with the following topics

• Introduction
• Dealing with probabilities: why do you need a course on statistics
• Stochastic variables: characterization; physical interpretation
• Probability density functions: description; physical interpretation; relations
• Calculation of uncertainty bounds
• Estimation of parameters
• Hypothesis testing
• Box plot: description, basic idea, applications

## CAE-tools for the Design of Analog Electronic Circuits - 4 credits

The aim of the course is to teach the future engineer the pros and contras of the different available simulation tools. This way, he/she should be able to judge which CAE-tool is the most appropriate for solving his/her design or analysis problem. Besides the choice of the analysis tool, there is also the problem of setting the simulation parameters correctly. This requires some background in the actual implementation of the simulations techniques. Hence, a theoretical background of the different simulation techniques must be given in the course. In addition to the theoretical aspect, it is important to have practical experience with the simulation tools. This will lead to a future engineer which does not lose time by simulating with a sub-optimal simulation tool...

## Capita selecta Telecom - 3 credits

The content changes year by year since the selected subjects in telecommunication are chosen in function of the industrial expectations and realisations. Subjects treated in the recent years are e.g.: xDSL and ADSL and VDSL2 in particular, GSM (GPRS) networks, Wi-Fi and meshed networks, RFID, UMTS, WiMAX, SACD coding versus Dolby or DTS, GNSS, Tetra, IP-TV, UWB...

## Electromagnetism - 6 credits

Starting from the very general Maxwell equations, a bridge is layed toward the differential equations that govern the behaviour of the electrical field in free space. This simple differential equation is subsequently solved by use of simple mathematical functions in different cases or geometries. These cases cover all the real engineering problems or are fair approximations of them. This include the propagation of electromagnetical waves in free space or in waveguides like the coaxial cable, the rectangular metal waveguide en dielectric guides...

## Identification of Dynamical Systems - 4 credits

The course starts with the basic techniques necessary to predict the stochastic behaviour of an estimator (consistency, bias, efficiency, probability density function, robustness). Furthermore, the continuous thread throughout the entire course is the formulation of the maximum likelihood solution starting from the measured data. This approach has the advantage that provides the estimated model with an estimate of its uncertainty...

## Industrial Measurement Environments - 4 credits

This course is dedicated to industrial metrology. The learning objective consists in the study of the building blocks of instrumentation in metrology (measurements) and to adapt those to industrial requirements and environments. Since the content of this course is highly based on technology, it evolves strongly. Therefore, the students will receive updated information on standards and specific realisations, which are demonstrated by on site industrial plant visits. After completion of the course, the students should be able to analyse industrial measurement problems, to conceive and to plan metrological installations, to integrate and to network them.

## Information and Communication Technology - 3 credits

This work college has multiple aims. First, it is the goal to build a bridge between the highly theoretical courses and the practical applications in order to stimulate the future engineers. Second, it is the aim that the students get in touch with electronics, photonics and information theory (EIT), and in addition has some knowledge about control theory. This will enable the students to make an educated choice about what they want to study later on. A last goal is to inform the non-EIT students about some fundamental aspects on EIT and control theory.

The aim of the work college is to control the heighted of a floating pint-pong ball. This ping-pong ball is positioned within a plexiglas tube and a ventilator blowing in this tube....

## Measurement and Identification - 4 credits

Engineers and scientists built models to understand, describe, predict and control the behaviour of the environment. In order to create these models it is necessary to combine the mathematical models with (noisy) measurements. In this course general methods are given in order to obtain good measurements, and to use these data to build a model...

## Measuring and Modelling of Nonlinear Systems - 3 credits

Goal: to give an intuitive insight in the behaviour of nonlinear systems. For that purpose we first provide the attendees with a theoretical framework that will be used next to develop a number of tools that can be easily used in practice to characterize nonlinear systems...

## Physical Communication - 4 credits

Problems with radio communications: used frequencies, propagation paths, and modulation methods. Advanced study of AM modulations (conventional AM, DSB, SSB, VSB, QAM), angle modulations (WBFM, NBFM, PM), digital modulations (FSK, PSK, DMT). Study of the properties of transmission channels and SNR studies of demodulators. Many practical circuits and schemes are treated. Study of the atmosphere as channel for radio and satellite communications. Bundle profiles of antennas and (linear) antenna-arrays. Study of reflection, transmission, diffraction, refraction and scattering...

## RF/Microwave Design Techniques: from Datasheet to Product - 4 credits

The aim of this course is to close in the gap between the theoretical knowledge on RF/microwave design, and the design of a commercial product. Starting from the knowledge on electromagnetics and RF/microwave amplifier design, all design aspects of complete RF/microwave systems are covered in the course. This includes the system-level design, the design of different RF/microwave sub-systems (such as mixers, amplifiers, hybrids, filters, antennas …), their design for manufacturability (production tolerances, Design Rule Checking (DRC) ) and their protection to the manipulation by the user (e.g. ESD-protection)....

## Signal Theory - 5 credits

Information theory. The auto-information, the entropy. The entropy of a discrete and of a continuous source. The conditional entropy. The trans-information and the capacity of a transmission channel. The symmetric Binary Channel (BSC). Redundancy of a channel. Fundamental coding theorems of Shannon. Development of codes with unequal length and optimised coding...

## System and Control Theory - 6 credits

The course consists of two parts.
Part 1: Introduction to system theory. Describing the behaviour of linear dynamic systems (continuous time, discrete time) in the time domain and in the frequency domain. It is also shown how these descriptions can be combined with information from measurements (sampling, discrete Fourier transform, reconstruction).

Part 2: analysis (calculus with block diagrams, state equations, time response frequency response, root locus, Nyquis diagram, Bode plot) and design of feedback controllers (state feedback controllers, compensation regulators such as PD, lead, PI, lag, and PID). The course ends with a number of practical examples such as de operational amplifier, de voltageregulator, and the compact disc player

## Voice Image Coding Media and Systems - 6 credits

Part 1 of the course consists of an introduction to telephony (communication by wires) and covers also a fundamental study of electrical transmission lines and their applications. The design of a telephony switchboard system is studied and different scenarios in case of saturation are compared and elaborated.
Part II: Applications and theory on telecommunication in which the transmission of voice (speech, audio, music, digital telephony,...) and images (TV video, digital photos) are important. Introduction to the (automated) navigation in airborne and ship transportation and overview of instrumentation for assistant guidance in over land navigation (motorcycle, car, truck, bus,...)...